mauna kea volcano

[16] Small gullies etch the summit, formed by rain- and snow-fed streams that flow only during winter melt and rain showers. Mauna Kea last erupted 6,000 to 4,000 years ago and is now considered dormant. [7][17] However, while Hawaiian volcanism is well understood and extensively studied, there remains no definite explanation of the mechanism that causes the hotspot effect. [36] However, vehicular access to the summit was practically impossible until the construction of a road in 1964, and it continues to be restricted. [41], Around AD 1100, natives established adze quarries high up on Mauna Kea to extract the uniquely dense basalt (generated by the quick cooling of lava flows meeting glacial ice during subglacial eruptions) to make tools. With its high elevation, dry environment, and stable airflow, Mauna Kea's summit is one of the best sites in the world for astronomical observation. ADVERTISEMENT. Ancient Hawaiians living on the slopes of Mauna Kea relied on its extensive forests for food, and quarried the dense volcano-glacial basalts on its flanks for tool production. Wolf spiders (Lycosidae) and forest tent caterpillar moths have also been observed in the same Mauna Kea ecosystem; the former survive by hiding under heat-absorbing rocks, and the latter through cold-resistant chemicals in their bodies. [27][62] On its completion in 1970, the UH 88 in (2.2 m) was the seventh largest optical/infrared telescope in the world. sandwicense), a highly endangered endemic plant species that thrives in Mauna Kea's high elevation cinder deserts. It stands about 4,207.3 meters (13,803 feet) above sea level which makes it the highest point in the entire state. [62] A popular site is Kīpuka Puʻu Huluhulu, a kīpuka on Mauna Kea's flank that formed when lava flows isolated the forest on a hill. For us, guiding Mauna Kea isn’t a sideline or the greatest new visitor product. Im Roman Der Wolkenatlas von David Mitchell wollen zwei Charaktere den Berg besteigen, auf dem sich die Sternwarte befindet. Herzlich Willkommen auf unserer Webpräsenz. Eight endangered bird species, twelve endangered plants, and the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) have been observed in the area, in addition to many other rare biota. Seit 2002 läuft ein Tiefbohrprojekt auf dem Vulkan. "[32], The last eruption of Mauna Kea was about 4,600 years ago (about 2600 BC);[16] because of this inactivity, Mauna Kea is assigned a United States Geological Survey hazard listing of 7 for its summit and 8 for its lower flanks, out of the lowest possible hazard rating of 9 (which is given to the extinct volcano Kohala). [7] The prevailing, though not completely settled, view is that the hotspot has been largely stationary within the planet's mantle for much, if not all of the Cenozoic Era. The palila was formerly found on the slopes of Mauna Kea, Mauna Loa, and Hualālai, but is now confined to the slopes of Mauna Kea—only 10% of its former range—and has been declared critically endangered. Mauna Kea, the tallest volcano on the Big Island of Hawai’i, hasn’t erupted in about 4,500 years. Most of the houses on the island were built of koa, and those parts of the forest that survived became a source for firewood to power boilers on the sugarcane plantations and to heat homes. At this point, you have climb 10% grade gravel road. Its peak is 4,207.3 m (13,803 ft) above sea level, making it the highest point in the state of Hawaiʻi. [86], Mauna Kea's great height and the steepness of its flanks provide a better view and a shorter hike than the adjacent Mauna Loa. By the early 19th century, they had escaped confinement and roamed the island freely, greatly damaging its ecosystem. The borehole had drilled through a compacted layer of soil and lava where the flows of Mauna Loa had encroached upon the exposed Mauna Kea surface and had subsequently been subsided below sea level. In contrast to Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea lacks a summit caldera and is capped by a profusion of cinder cones and pyroclastic deposits. Situé sur l’île d’Hawaii, il culmine à 4.207 mètres d’altitude et sa dernière éruption remonte à environ 4.500 ans. Wann sich dies wieder ändert ist nicht absehbar. Scientists believe there may be more water in Mauna Kea's freshwater lens than current models may indicate. 6000 bis vor 4000 Jahren statt. Māmane seeds and naio fruit are the chief foods of the birds in this zone, especially the palila (Loxioides bailleui). Actually, it has the height more than 33,000 feet if it is measured from the oceanic base since much of the mountain is located below the water. [49] Non-native plants are the other serious threat; there are over 4,600 introduced species on the island, whereas the number of native species is estimated at just 1,000. The lack of shrines or other artifacts on the many cinder cones dotting the volcano may be because they were reserved for burial. But more than likely, you will see higher mountains (like Mauna Kea, Hualalai, and Haleakala) sticking up over a sea of clouds. [75][76] Among the concerns of the protest groups are the land appraisals and Native Hawaiians consultation. The basaltic shield stage of volcanism began by at least 0.3 million years ago. Bezieht man bei der Messung der Höhe auch die Fläche unterhalb der Meeresoberfläche mit ein, gilt Mauna Kea als größter und höchster Berg der Erde mit 10.203 Metern. This is a highly unusual food source for a species in the genus Nysius, which consists of predominantly seed-eating insects. [27], Mauna Kea has been the site of extensive archaeological research since the 1980s. This is 1,116 meters (3,661 feet, 0.7 miles) taller than Mount Everest and roughly the same height in the atmosphere where commercial airplanes fly. [61], Mauna Kea's summit is one of the best sites in the world for astronomical observation due to favorable observing conditions. A former summit caldera may have been filled and buried by later summit eruption deposits. Even this is a sight to behold! [89][90] Between 5,000 and 6,000 people visit the summit of Mauna Kea each year, and to help ensure safety, and protect the integrity of the mountain, a ranger program was implemented in 2001. ", "The Hawaiian-Emperor Volcanic Chain – Geological Evolution", "The Evolution of Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii: Petrogenesis of Tholeiitic and Alkalic Basalts", "GEOL205 – Fire and Ice – Mauna Kea: Lecture Notes", "Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: Photo Information", American Association for the Advancement of Science, 10.1130/0016-7606(1973)84<1923:SACOLQ>2.0.CO;2, "Mauna Kea Comprehensive Management Plan: UH Management Areas", "Hawaiʻi: Hawaii's Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy", Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, "Impermeable beds trap rain and snow at Mauna Kea's Lake Waiau", "University plans to drill for water beneath Mauna Kea", "Mauna Kea aquifers shallower than expected", "Lava Flow Hazard Maps: Kohala and Mauna Kea", "Final Environmental Statement for the Outrigger Telescopes Project: Volume II", "Culture: The First Arrivals: Native Hawaiian Uses", "The Impact of the Prehistoric Polynesians on the Hawaiian Ecosystem", "Avifaunal Extinctions, Vegetation Change and Polynesian Impacts in Prehistoric Hawai'i", "Recreation: Enjoying Mauna Kea's Unique Natural Resources", "Patterns of Endangerment in the Hawaiian Flora", "Regeneration of the Mauna Kea silversword Argyroxiphium sandwicense (Asteraceae) in Hawaii", "A Remarkable New Micropterous Nysius Species from the Aelion Zone of Mauna Kea, Hawaii island", "Tree Cover Changes in Mamane (Sophora chrysophylla) Forests Grazed by Sheep and Cattle", "A Preliminary Assessment of Mouflon Abundance at the Kahuku Unit of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park", Palila v. Hawaii Department of Land & Natural Resources, United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, "Economic Impact of Shutting Down Hawaii's Sugar Industry", "Welcome to Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge", "Mauna Kea Science Reserve Astronomy Development Plan 2000–2020 – Summary", "Mauna Kea Comprehensive Management Plan", "Thirty Meter Telescope Selects Mauna Kea", "University of Hawaii Develop New Telescope for "Killer" Asteroid Search", "Massive telescope to be built in Hawaii", "Protesters halt Mauna Kea telescope groundbreaking", "Thirty Meter Telescope protesters continue to block construction on Mauna Kea", "Clash in Hawaii Between Science and Sacred Land", "Police, TMT Issue Statements on Mass Arrests on Mauna Kea", "Amid controversy, construction of telescope in Hawaii halted - US News", "Gov: Hawaii has 'failed' Mauna Kea; telescope can continue", Hawaii top court approves controversial Thirty Meter Telescope, "Online petition demanding halt to Thirty Meter Telescope project collects 100K signatures", "Petition on change.org calls for impeachment of Governor David Ige", "Western U.S. Mauna Kea Vue du Mauna Kea depuis l observatoire du Mauna Loa … Wikipédia en Français. [4] Despite Hawaii's tropical location, during several past ice ages a drop of a degree in temperature allowed snow to remain at the volcano's summit through summer, triggering the formation of an ice cap. At peak quarry activity after AD 1400, there were separate facilities for rough and fine cutting; shelters with food, water, and wood to sustain the workers; and workshops creating the finished product. white mountain] extinct volcano on the island of Hawaii: 13,796 ft (4,205 m) … English World dictionary. This photograph of Mauna Kea was taken by an astronaut as the International Space Station (ISS) passed over at approximately 5 p.m. local time. Very clear, bold, easy to read lettering that can be read from the distance. The first Mauna Kea summit road was built in 1964, making the peak accessible to more people. Login. Mauna Kea is often translated literally as “white mountain” because of the snow that covers its summit. [58] There are many other species and ecosystems on the island, and on Mauna Kea, that remain threatened by human development and invasive species. Actually, it has the height more than 33,000 feet if it is measured from the oceanic base since much of the mountain is located below the water. The highest point in Hawaii is located in Mauna Kea. Growth is restricted here by extremely cold temperatures, a short growing season, low rainfall, and snow during winter months. Ungulate hunting is allowed year-round. The earthquake was centered about 20 km (12 miles) southeast of Waimea, Hawai‘i at … USGS reported strong shaking across the Big Island and some shaking could be felt as far away as the island of Oahu. The aquifer's presence is attributed to a freshwater head within Mauna Kea's basal lens. Contact with Europe and America had major consequences for island residents. 2. Mauna Kea 4,200m Oceania's highest mountain road. [9] Hilo Ridge, a prominent underwater rift zone structure east of Mauna Kea, was once believed to be a part of the volcano; however, it is now understood to be a rift zone of Kohala that has been affected by younger Mauna Kea flows. The summit atmosphere is exceptionally stable, lacking turbulence for some of the world's best astronomical seeing. Although not likely in the next few centuries, such an eruption would probably result in little loss of life but significant damage to infrastructure. [33], Despite its dormancy, Mauna Kea is expected to erupt again. Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano on the Big Island of Hawaiʻi that last erupted approximately 4000 years ago. Surveys reveal decline of the palila. However, an influx of local hunters led to the feral species being valued as game animals, and in 1959 the Hawaiʻi Department of Land and Natural Resources, the governing body in charge of conservation and land use management, changed its policy to a sustained-control program designed to facilitate the sport. [16] The Hawaii island volcanoes are the most recent evidence of this process that, over 70 million years, has created the 6,000 km (3,700 mi)-long Hawaiian Ridge–Emperor seamount chain. [8] Mauna Kea entered its quieter post-shield stage 250,000 to 200,000 years ago,[9] and is currently dormant. In the early 19th century, the earliest notable recorded ascents of Mauna Kea included the following: In the late 19th and early 20th centuries trails were formed, often by the movement of game herds, that could be traveled on horseback. Mauna Kea also served as a burial ground for high-ranking chiefs and priests, and religious ceremonies still take place on the long-quiet volcano, even today. [30], No artesian water was known on the island of Hawaiʻi until 1993 when drilling by the University of Hawaiʻi tapped an artesian aquifer more than 300 m (980 ft) below sea level, that extended more than 100 m (330 ft) of the borehole's total depth. Massive Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the world, towering 33,476 feet (10,204 meters) above its … [61], Bird species native to the acacia koa–ʻōhiʻa forest include the Hawaiian crow (Corvus hawaiiensis), the ʻakepa (Loxops coccineus), Hawaii creeper (Oreomystis mana), ʻakiapōlāʻau (Hemignathus munroi), and Hawaiian hawk (Buteo solitarius), all of which are endangered, threatened, or near threatened; the Hawaiian crow in particular is extinct in the wild, but there are plans to reintroduce the species into the Hakalau reserve. A public hunting program is used to control the numbers of introduced animals including pigs, sheep, goats, turkey, pheasants, and quail. A weather station was operated from 1972 to 1982; however, only 33 months within this period have temperature records; many months have data for only two years. The Laupāhoehoe lavas are more viscous and contain more volatiles than the earlier tholeiitic basalts; their thicker flows significantly steepened Mauna Kea's flanks. In der hawaiischen Mythologie nimmt Mauna Kea eine zentrale Rolle ein. In its current post-shield state, its lava is more viscous, resulting in … Much of its mass lies east of its present summit. Submarine eruptions began to build Mauna kea from the sea floor around ~0.8 million years ago. [52] This ecosystem is a likely haven for the threatened ʻuaʻu (Pterodroma sandwichensis) and also the center of a study on wēkiu bugs (Nysius wekiuicola). Situé sur l'île d'Hawaï, le Mauna Kea est le plus haut volcan et l'un des plus anciens de l'archipel. [2] Mauna Kea wird in der hawaiischen Kultur als ein heiliger Ort angesehen. [5], The Mauna Kea Ice Age Reserve on the southern summit flank of Mauna Kea was established in 1981. USGS reported strong shaking across the Big Island and some shaking could be felt as far away as the island of Oahu. An ancient law allowed only high-ranking aliʻi to visit its peak. Vom Fuß bis zum Gipfel ist der Mauna Kea über 17.000 Meter hoch.[3]. Native chiefs would also dip the umbilical cords of newborn babies in its water, to give them the strength of the mountain. Mauna Kea has an alpine climate. Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano on the island of Hawaiʻi. Durch die Sterne bietet er Orientierung und leitet uns. Mauna Kea is about a million years old, and has thus passed the most active shield stage of life hundreds of thousands of years ago. The once vast forest had almost disappeared by 1880, and by 1900, logging interests had shifted to Kona and the island of Maui. [75] Construction was halted on April 7, 2015 after protests expanded over the state. [5], Contact with Americans and Europeans in the early 19th century brought more settlers to the island, and had a lasting negative ecological effect. The temperatures presented below are smoothed averages, not the raw numbers recorded by NOAA. [65] There are nine telescopes working in the visible and infrared spectrum, three in the submillimeter spectrum, and one in the radio spectrum, with mirrors or dishes ranging from 0.9 to 25 m (3 to 82 ft). [4] Wākea ist der mythische Vorfahre aller Hawaiier,[5] der auch mit dem Himmelsvater assoziiert wird. [36], In pre-contact times, natives traveling up Mauna Kea were probably guided more by landscape than by existing trails, as no evidence of trails has been found. [36] "Mauna Kea" means "white mountain," in reference to its seasonally snow-capped summit. Land was divided into regions designed for the immediate needs of the populace. [27] One study reported that around a third of visitors and two thirds of professional astronomers working on the mountain have experienced symptoms of acute altitude sickness;[87] visitors traveling up the volcano's flanks are advised to stop for at least half an hour and preferably longer at the visitor center to acclimate to the higher elevation. [85], There are over 3,000 registered hunters on Hawaii island, and hunting, for both recreation and sustenance, is a common activity on Mauna Kea. But Mauna Kea is a short version of Mauna a Wakea, a name that connects it to the sky father, Wakea. Mauna Kea’s summit is home to the world’s largest observatory for optical, infrared and submillimeter astronomy. Read below for important information you need to know before you visit Mauna Kea. Mauna Kea volcano (Hawai'i): strong earthquake on NW flank; greater than M 4. In January 1982, the UH Board of Regents approved a plan to support the continued development of scientific facilities at the site. A plan was proposed to fence 25% of the forests for protection, and manage the remaining 75% for game hunting. Home EARTH & SPACE Rare M4.4 earthquake under dormant Mauna Kea volcano, Hawai’i [55] The feral animals were almost eradicated, and numbered a few hundred in the 1950s. The summit is above the inversion layer, keeping most cloud cover below the summit and ensuring the air on the summit is dry, and free of atmospheric pollution. The reserve has been the site of an extensive replanting campaign since 1989. [27], Hawaiʻi's geographical isolation strongly influences its ecology. Endangered Species Bulletin, Fall 2008. On the windward side of the volcano, stream erosion driven by trade winds has accelerated erosion in a manner similar to that on older Kohala. Mauna kea national park - Die Produkte unter der Menge an analysierten Mauna kea national park! In contrast to Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea lacks a summit caldera and is capped by a profusion of cinder cones and pyroclastic deposits. Since 8000 BC lava flows have covered 20% of the volcano's summit and virtually none of its flanks. weiterlesen im Oktober 19 Hawaiian lava types are typically permeable, preventing lake formation due to infiltration. The basaltic shield stage of volcanism began by at least 0.3 million years ago. The closely related Nysius aa lives on Mauna Loa. Es gab bereits zuvor Ruhephasen mit einer längeren Dauer als 4500 Jahre, insofern ist die gegenwärtige lange Ruhephase nicht notwendigerweise ein Zeichen für einen erloschenen Vulkan. Alle anz Mauna Kea, the tallest volcano on the Big Island of Hawai’i, hasn’t erupted in about 4,500 years. Unsere besten Favoriten - Suchen Sie bei uns den Mauna kea national park entsprechend Ihrer Wünsche. [39][40] For this reason, a kapu (ancient Hawaiian law) restricted visitor rights to high-ranking aliʻi. Most of the volcano is underwater, and when measured from its underwater base, Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the world, measuring 10,211 m (33,500 ft) in height. Based on earlier eruptions, such an event could occur anywhere on the volcano's upper flanks and would likely produce long lava flows, mostly of ʻaʻā, 15–25 km (9–16 mi) long. The summit is respected in Hawai’ian culture as a most sacred place on the archipelago. Shield volcano 4205 m / 13,796 ft United States, Hawaiian Islands, 19.82°N / -155.47°W Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports Books Mauna Kea volcano … [47] Birdwatching is also common at lower levels on the mountain. It is also considered the world's tallest mountain if measured from its base on the ocean floor. [13] Measured from its base on the ocean floor, it rises over 10,000 m (33,000 ft), significantly greater than the elevation of Mount Everest above sea level. The online petition has currently gathered over 278,057 signatures worldwide. Voir plus. Isotopic composition shows the water present to have been derived from rain coming off Mauna Kea at higher than 2,000 m (6,600 ft) above mean sea level. These have extensively sculpted the summit, depositing moraines and a circular ring of till and gravel along the volcano's upper flanks. At 4,207 meters (13,803 feet) the dormant volcano, Mauna Kea is the highest point in Hawaii. [27], Today the Mauna Kea Science Reserve has 13 observation facilities, each funded by as many as 11 countries. Mauna Kea volcano (Hawai'i): strong earthquake on NW flank; greater than M 4. Ancient Hawaiians brought foreign plants and animals, and their arrival was associated with increased rates of erosion. They also stay under heated surfaces most of the time. In contrast to Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea lacks a summit caldera and is capped by a profusion of cinder cones and pyroclastic deposits. The 1982 plan was replaced in 2000 by an extension designed to serve until 2020: it instituted an Office of Mauna Kea Management,[63] designated 525 acres (212 ha) for astronomy, and shifted the remaining 10,763 acres (4,356 ha) to "natural and cultural preservation". Higher up, feral animals that escaped from ranches found refuge in, and damaged extensively, Mauna Kea's native māmane–naio forest. 19 oct. 2020 Mauna Kea Technologies annonce les ventes du troisième trimestre et des neufs premiers mois de 2020 Découvrir. [50], The summit of Mauna Kea lies above the tree line, and consists of mostly lava rock and alpine tundra. Lava eruptions from Mauna Loa are silica … They can survive at extreme elevations of up to 4,200 m (13,780 ft)[53] because of natural antifreeze in their blood. When Europeans arrived in the late 18th century, settlers introduced cattle, sheep and game animals, many of which became feral and began to damage the volcano's ecological balance. In contrast to Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea lacks a summit caldera and is capped by a profusion of cinder cones and pyroclastic deposits. Da er auf Grund seines hohen Gewichts in den Meeresboden eingesackt ist, liegt der eigentliche Fuß des Berges unter dem Meeresgrund. [31] Two more boreholes were drilled on Mauna Kea in 2012, with water being found at much higher elevations and shallower depths than expected. The volcano continues to slip and flatten under its own weight at a rate of less than 0.2 mm (0.01 in) per year. Mauna Kea (“White Mountain”) is the only volcano on the island of Hawaii that has evidence of glaciation. You get to walk across it for a while when hiking to the Mauna Loa Cabin. [4] Mauna Kea does not have a visible summit caldera, but contains a number of small cinder and pumice cones near its summit. The reserve is a region of sparsely vegetated cinder deposits and lava rock, including areas of aeolian desert and Lake Waiau. Settlement expanded inland to the Mauna Loa – Mauna Kea region in the 12th and early 13th centuries. Biggest quake: 4.0 quake 13 mi southeast of Waimea 13 Nov 9.36 am (GMT -10) Look up past earthquakes: Show quakes. [20] They are covered by the oldest exposed rock strata on Mauna Kea, the post-shield alkali basalts of the Hāmākua Volcanics, which erupted between 250,000 and 70–65,000 years ago. They have a free star-gazing program that will let you see stars and constellations you’ve never seen before. [35] The mountain's plentiful forest provided plants and animals for food and raw materials for shelter. [4] It began as a preshield volcano driven by the Hawaiʻi hotspot around one million years ago, and became exceptionally active during its shield stage until 500,000 years ago. Mauna Kea, Hawaii's highest volcano, reaches 4205 m, only 35 m above its neighbor, Mauna Loa. Long periods of activity could build a cinder cone at the source. Sein Alter wird auf eine Million Jahre geschätzt, die ältesten gefundenen Steine wurden auf etwas über 200.000 Jahre datiert. [68] The multi-telescope "outrigger" proposed in 2006 was eventually canceled. [62] These factors historically made Mauna Kea an excellent spot for stargazing. [26] A small body of permafrost, less than 25 m (80 ft) across, was found at the summit of Mauna Kea before 1974, and may still be present. [22] There are three episodes of glaciation that have been recorded from the last 180,000 years: the Pōhakuloa (180–130 ka), Wāihu (80–60 ka) and Mākanaka (40–13 ka) series. Mauna Kea's summit was encompassed in the ahupuaʻa of Kaʻohe, with part of its eastern slope reaching into the nearby Humuʻula. Mauna Kea, c'est la montagne la plus haute d'Hawaii, dont le sommet est sacré pour les peuples autochtones. With an additional land grant in 1845, Parker established Parker Ranch on the northern slope of Mauna Kea, a large cattle ranch that is still in operation today. [61] Parts of the reserve show the effect of agriculture on the native ecosystem,[49] as much of the land in the upper part of the reserve is abandoned farmland. Visiting Mauna Kea is a must for any trip to the Big Island. Bird species hunted included the ʻuaʻu (Pterodroma sandwichensis), nēnē (Branta sandvicensis), and palila (Loxioides bailleui). Mauna Kea von der Messstation Mauna Loa aus gesehen. Donald Thomas, director of the University of Hawaiʻi's Center for the Study of Active Volcanoes believes one reason to continue study of the aquifers is due to use and occupancy of the higher elevation areas, stating: "Nearly all of these activities depend on the availability of potable water that, in most cases, must be trucked to the Saddle from Waimea or Hilo — an inefficient and expensive process that consumes a substantial quantity of our scarce liquid fuels. Der Himmelsvater wird symbolisiert durch den Himmel: schützend spannt er sich über die Erde und den Menschen. Da die Teleskope sehr empfindlich auf Lageveränderungen des Untergrunds reagieren, würde ein typisches Aufblähen des Berges als Zeichen wieder beginnender Aktivität sofort registriert werden. Mauna Kea, the highest volcano on the Island of Hawai‘i, erupted most recently between about 6,000 and 4,500 years ago from at least seven separate summit-area vents, producing lava flows and cinder cones. While the land was partitioned no money was allocated for the building of the fence. [66], A "Save Mauna Kea" movement believes development of the mountain to be sacrilegious. Its present summit is dominated by lava domes and cinder cones up to 1.5 km (0.9 mi) in diameter and hundreds of meters tall. A M4.9 earthquake shook Mauna Kea, the tallest volcano on earth, on Big Island, Hawaii on November 11, 2019. Nach hawaiischem Glauben kann man an der Spitze des Mauna Kea die Verbindung zu seinen Vorfahren aufnehmen und auch selbst nach seinem eigenen Tod mit lebenden Verwandten zusammenkommen. In the midst of this wrangling the Endangered Species Act was passed; the National Audubon Society and Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund filed a lawsuit against the Hawaiʻi Department of Land and Natural Resources, claiming that they were violating federal law, in the landmark case Palila v. Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources (1978). [27] Individuals likely took trips up Mauna Kea's slopes to visit family-maintained shrines near its summit, and traditions related to ascending the mountain exist to this day. The 108,863-acre (44,055 ha) base extends from the volcano's lower flanks to 2,070 m (6,790 ft) elevation, on state land leased to the US Army since 1956. Mauna Kea, the highest volcano on the Island of Hawai‘i, erupted most recently between about 6,000 and 4,500 years ago from at least seven separate summit-area vents, producing lava flows and cinder cones. The area around Mauna Kea has frequent, … [80] Some protesters have also called for the impeachment of Hawaiian Governor David Ige because of his support for the Thirty Meter Telescope. [6] Mauna Kea is about a million years old, and has thus passed the most active shield stage of life hundreds of thousands of years ago. Son sommet, régulièrement au-dessus des nuages, offre l’un des meilleurs sites d’observations astronomiques de l’hémisphère nord et accueille un Observatoire . [18], Lava flows from Mauna Kea overlapped in complex layers with those of its neighbors during its growth. Mauna Kea, Hawaii's highest volcano, reaches 4205 m, only 35 m above its neighbor, Mauna Loa. Mauna Kea has not erupted in more than 4,500 years, but officials believe the volcano will erupt again someday. [47], In the early 1960s, the Hawaiʻi Island Chamber of Commerce encouraged astronomical development of Mauna Kea, as economic stimulus; this coincided with University of Arizona astronomer Gerard Kuiper's search for sites to use newly improved detectors of infrared light. Les meilleures photo Volcan Mauna Kea des internautes. Vom Meeresgrund etwa 6000 Meter unter der Oberfläche bis zum Gipfel ist er über 10.000 Meter hoch.

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